Assessment Tools


BEERY™ VMI: Beery-Buktenica Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration


Sixth Edition, Starter Kit

Key Features
Ages: 2 through 100
Testing Time: 15 minutes
Administration: Individual

  • The Beery VMI is among the few psychological assessments that provide standard scores as low as 2 years.
  • The Beery VMI 6th Edition Manual provides approximately 600 age-specific norms from birth through age 6. These consist of basic gross motor, fine motor, visual, and visual-fine motor developmental "stepping stones" that have been identified by research criteria. Many examiners find the age norm information to be useful in helping parents better understand their child's current level of development. The manual also presents teaching suggestions.
  • As culture-free, non-verbal assessment, the Beery VMI is useful with individuals of diverse environmental, educational, and linguistic backgrounds.
  • The Short and Full Format tests can be administered individually or to groups. (Individual administration is recommended for the supplemental tests.)

The new 6th Edition of this highly acclaimed test measures visual-motor integration in children and adults. Backed by decades of research and clinical use, the VMI offers a convenient and economical way to screen for visual-motor deficits that can lead to learning, behaviour, and neuropsychological problems. While it is used primarily with young children, the VMI can also be administered to adolescents and adults.

The Beery VMI helps assess the extent to which individuals can integrate their visual and motor abilities. The test presents the examinee with drawings of 24 geometric forms, arranged in developmental sequence, from less to more complex. The examinee simply copies these forms in the Test Booklet. The test can be individually or group administered in just 10 to 15 minutes. The Short Format, composed of 15 drawings, is often used with 2- to 8-year-old children. These norms reflect developmental "stepping stones" identified by research.

The Beery VMI was standardized on a national sample of 1,737 individuals age 2 to 18 years (2010) and 1,021 adults ages 19-100 (2006), and has proven reliability and validity.

In Better Kids™ the Beery VMI kit includes:

  • 10 Short Form Tests;
  • 10 Long Form Tests
  • 10 Supplementary Visual Tests
  • 10 Supplementary Motor Tests
  • 1 Manual Developmental Test of Visual Perception: Second Edition (DTVP-2) by Donald D. Hammill, Nils A. Pearson, and Judith K. Voress


Developmental Test of Visual Perception (DTVP-2)

Developmental Test of Visual Perception (DTVP-2)

Key features:
Ages: 4-0months through 10-11months
Testing Time: 35- 45 minutes
Administration: Individual

The DTVP-2 is the 1993 revision of Marianne Frostig's popular Developmental Test of Visual Perception (DTVP). The original version of the test was administered to more than 6 million children. The new edition includes numerous improvements, is suitable for children ages 4 to 10, measures both visual perception and visual¬motor integration skills, has eight subtests, is based on updated theories of visual perceptual development, and can be administered to individuals in 35 minutes.

The Second Edition can be used with 4-0months through 10-11months. Individually administered in just 35 minutes, it is composed of eight subtests:

  • Eye-Hand Coordination
  • Copying
  • Spatial Relations
  • Position in Space
  • Figure Ground
  • Visual Closure
  • Visual-Motor Speed
  • Form Constancy

The DTVP-2 provides scores for both pure visual perception (with no motor response) and visual-motor integration abilities. The DTVP¬2 is unique in that its scores are reliable at the .8 or .9 levels for all age groups; its scores are validated by many studies; its norms are based on a large representative sample keyed to the 1990 census data, and it has been proven to be unbiased relative to race, gender, and handedness.

Because it documents the presence and degree of visual-perceptual and visual-motor difficulties, the DTVP-2 is especially useful in identifying candidates for special programs. It is also helpful in verifying program effectiveness and providing evidence of possible organic impairment.

Better Kids™ the DTVP2 package includes:

  • 1 Examiner's Manual
  • 1 Reusable Picture Book
  • 25 Profile Examiner Record Forms
  • 25 Response Booklets all in a sturdy storage box


Wall Model of Occupational Performance

The Wall Model of Occupational Performance (WOP)

The Wall Model of Occupational Performance aims to provide a visual representation of the occupational performance components that are of paramount importance in development. It suggests a basic structure of how these components relate to one another, but most importantly it provides an explanation for the role of these components in occupational performance. The Wall Model of Occupational Performance thus provides a system that integrates theory and practice through providing a basis for clinical reasoning in assessment, intervention and progress monitoring as part of the occupational therapy process. These reasons validate the Wall Model of Occupational performance as a model in occupational therapy.

The WOP recognises that development is sequential (hierarchy of development) and higher order abilities are dependent on the development of lower order abilities. This is visually presented in the Wall Model of Occupational Performance.

After the assessment using the Wall Model of Occupational Performance, relevant 'bricks' are coloured in according to a traffic light system:

  • Red: There is a definite problem / more than 12 months under age level;
  • Orange: The relevant 'bricks' is not completely integrated / 6 to 12 months under age level /not well developed.
  • Green: The relevant 'bricks' is integrated / on age level / developed according to age level(less than 6 months delay).

When completed, a visual representation or 'picture' of the child's development is available. Once you have a 'picture' of the child's difficulties (problems) and strengths, clinical reasoning etc, treatment can asily be planned using your clinical reasoning according to the 'bricks' that represent the child's specific area of concern. These 'bricks' then correspond to the 26 Activity Modules in Better Kids™ to provide a guide to example activities for treatment of these 'bricks'.

This developmental 'picture' of the child's development can be used to assist during the feedback session and progress is easily monitored using the WOP because as therapy proceeds, progress can be indicated on the WOP.

The WOP model in the Better Kids™ package includes:

  • 1xCD that contains all information regarding the administration and application of the WOP
  • 1x printed WOP booklet containing the user guides, introduction and history of the WOP and assessment forms.
  • A Laminated A4 page of the WOP model to use with parents to provide a visual illustration of their children's needs.
  • A comprehensive activity kit that contains all activities used to assess children with the WOP.


Clinical Observations - Adapted from J Ayers

Clinical Observations

Compiled by the South African Institute of Sensory Integration Rese arch Committee (January 1986, revised edition 2005)

  • The clinical observations are based on the work and research done by J.Ayers.
  • These observations are to be used in conjunction with a parent interview, sensory-motor history and the sensory motor praxis test (if required) in order to obtain a clear picture of the child's strengths and weaknesses.
  • The Better Kids™ package includes the Clinical observation manual and it consists of two parts:
  1. Administration, observations, scoring
  2. Interpretation.
  • Two DVD's are included of the administration and scoring of the clinical observations tests as well as a problem identification with learning disabled children using the clinical observation tests to allow the therapist to practice administration and scoring of the test.